SALT LAKE CITY, Utah (ABC4 Utah) The Utah Department of Health investigated a 141.3% increase in suicides among Utah youth aged 10-17 from 2011 to 2015.
“At 17-years-old, Sydney Bruning committed suicide on February 7, 2013.
“She was the happiest, most lively girl. She was involved in so many different things. That shows you it can happen to anyone,” said Lauren Wilson, Bruning’s high school friend.
Bruning’s among the 150 Utah teens who killed themselves between 2011 and 2015. Those suicide victims were researched by the Utah Department of Health and the Center for Disease Control.
“We need to do better. We need to provide better care,” said Utah Department of Human Services suicide prevention coordinator Kimberly Myers.
The team worked analyzed data from seven major data sources to better determine trends, common precipitating factors for suicide, and risk and protective factors for suicidal behaviors unique to Utah youth.
“We know that there is immense suffering going on,” said Taryn Hiatt.
Hiatt made her first suicide attempt at 12. Now working for the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, she says a lower suicide rate begins with tough questions.
However, researchers failed to pin-point the cause for the dramatic jump in youth suicides.
“None of these data sets could have provided such a comprehensive picture of what is happening alone,” said Michael Friedrichs, epidemiologist with the UDOH. “Our investigation showed that suicide is complex and youth can experience multiple risk and protective factors. No single behavior or risk factor could explain all the reasons for the increase we’ve seen.”
From 2011 to 2015, 150 Utah youth aged 10-17 died by suicide, the majority of which were aged 15-17 years (75.4%), male (77.4%), and non-Hispanic white (81.3%). More than a third (35.2%) of youth who died by suicide had a mental health diagnosis and nearly a third (31.0%) were depressed at the time of their death.
“We continue to see the critical importance of addressing mental health concerns both in relation to suicide deaths and suicidal ideation and attempts,” said Myers. “Mental health treatment can and does work. Suicide is preventable and we need to continue to promote better access to care for those struggling with suicidal thoughts.”
Those experiencing suicidal thoughts can reach out for free, confidential help 24/7 by calling the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 or visiting suicidepreventionlifeline.org. The SafeUT Crisis Text & Tip Line app is also available for download. Suicide prevention resources for LGBTQ youth are available at https://www.thetrevorproject.org.
In addition to mental health concerns, family relationship problems, other forms of violence such as bullying at school and electronic bullying, substance use, and psychological distress were common risk factors in youth suicides. However, supportive family, community, and peer environments were protective against suicidal ideation and suicide attempts.
“Families, schools, neighborhoods, and communities at large must become safeguards against suicidal thoughts for youth,” said Cathy Davis, suicide prevention coordinator with the Utah State Board of Education. “Including youth in decisions that affect them, setting clear expectations and rules, ensuring youth are able to ask for and receive help when needed, giving them opportunities to participate in extracurricular activities, and providing a safe place where youth live, learn, and play can all help prevent suicides.”
Additional findings showed that among those youth who died by suicide:
- 55.3% experienced a recent crisis within two weeks of the death (family relationships and dating partner problems were the most common recent crisis)
- 23.9% disclosed their intent to die within one month prior to their death
- 20.5% had a history of cutting or had evidence of recent cutting
- 12.6% experienced family conflicts as a result of restriction to technology use or that resulted in a restriction to technology, such as having a mobile phone, tablet, laptop, or gaming system being taken away by a parent or guardian
- Of the 40 cases that had information on the decedent’s sexual orientation, six (15.0%) were identified as sexual minorities
The CDC made the following recommendations based on these findings:
- Increase access to evidence-based mental health care for youth
- Strengthen family relationships
- Promote connectedness within the home, peer, school, and community environments
- Identify and provide support to youth at risk of suicidal behaviors
- Prevent other forms of violence among youth
- Reduce access to lethal means
- Teach coping and problem solving skills
- Consider comprehensive and coordinated suicide prevention programs that address multiple risk and protective factors simultaneously
- Conduct ongoing comprehensive evaluation of suicide prevention programs
Suicide is a complex behavior with multiple risk and protective factors. “No one prevention strategy will work to prevent all suicides. However, implementing comprehensive, coordinated prevention programs will be effective and likely reduce suicidal behaviors among Utah youth,” said Myers.
To get involved in suicide prevention efforts in Utah or to find a suicide prevention training near you, visit https://utahsuicideprevention.org.