SALT LAKE CITY, Utah (ABC4 News) – Measles and mumps are both viral diseases that are highly contagious. Their symptoms are similar but their long-term effects opposite. 

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, measles starts off with a fever, cough, runny nose, pinkeye and a red pinpoint looking rash that starts on the face and often spreads to the rest of the body.

The rash usually appears around 14 days after the person has been infected. Two or three days after symptoms white sports might also appear inside the mouth.

Puffy cheeks and a swollen jaw are classic symptoms on mumps. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention mumps. These are the result of swollen salivary glands under the ears.

Symptoms usually last around two weeks after infection. Not all infected people will experience the same symptoms.

Measles is a virus that lives in the nose and is most commonly spread through coughing and sneezing. Measles can be spread up to four days before the rash appears.

Mumps is spread through any direct contact to saliva, talking, sharing items that have been infected by saliva etc. Mumps can be spread a few days before their salivary glands swell.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warns of testicle inflammation in males who have reached puberty and have been infected by mumps may experience a decrease in testicular size. Women may experience inflamed ovaries and breast tissue.

Inflammation in the pancreas, brain and spinal cord tissue is also common with mumps.

Measles is most dangerous to children under the age of five.  According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for one in every 1,000 children who get measles one or two will die form their complications. Pregnant women who have measles will commonly give birth to prematurely.

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