Open enrollment is no one’s idea of a good time, but health coverage is a crucial part of your financial health. Whether you’re getting insurance through an employer or the Affordable Care Act marketplace, it’s important to ask the right questions before you choose a health plan for 2024.
“Open enrollment is a great time to do a personal health audit,” says certified public accountant Charlene Rhinehart, a personal finance editor at drug savings site GoodRx. “Understanding your current and anticipated health care needs will help you decide which plan is the best fit.”
Here’s how to weigh your options.
Are your doctors in network?
Plan networks change from year to year. If you love your doctor or specialist, make sure they’re still in the network of the plan you’re considering for 2024.
You should also consider whether you want the option to go out of the network — which you can usually do in a preferred provider organization, or PPO, plan, although it will cost more. Health maintenance organizations, or HMOs, tend to be cheaper but lack the out-of-network flexibility.
Are your medications covered?
If you’re on prescription medications, check plan formularies to make sure you understand how your drugs will be covered in 2024. Drug coverage can change from year to year, even if you stick with the same plan.
“Even if you were in an Aetna plan before, and you say, ‘Well, I’ll stay with Aetna again,’ you still want to look and make sure the medication you’re taking is still on the formulary,” says Abbie Leibowitz, chief medical officer and co-founder of Health Advocate, which provides integrated health advocacy and health benefits programs.
What are the out-of-pocket costs?
Every plan has set costs, like the monthly premiums, plus the costs of care, which include the deductible and any copays and coinsurance. Comparing plans means estimating how much health care you’ll use next year.
On the one hand, you have the costs you’d pay if you don’t use the plan much beyond preventive care. On the other hand, you have the maximum amount you could pay in each plan if you’re a heavy health care user. You can easily compare these situations.
There’s a squishy middle ground, however, where the best plan for you depends on the amount and type of care you’ll need next year.
“The tricky part is we never really know how much we’re going to spend in a given year if we’re in the middle,” says Adam Rosenfeld, a health care benefits expert and president of employee benefits company Rubicon Benefits. The best thing, he says, is to look at your current claims information and imagine that the next year will be identical. On which plan would you be better off?
“It’s the best predictive modeling you can do at this point,” Rosenfeld says.
Is a high-deductible plan right for you?
A high-deductible health plan, or HDHP, in 2024 is defined as a plan with a deductible of at least $1,600 for individual coverage or $3,200 for family coverage, with out-of-pocket maximums of no more than $8,050 or $16,100, respectively. HDHPs usually have lower premiums, and sometimes companies kick in a contribution to a health savings account, or HSA, to help cover the deductible.
An HDHP can be an appropriate plan for people in a variety of health situations, as long as they’re prepared to pay the deductible if they need health care.
“The question is, ‘Can you afford it?’” says Adria Gross, an insurance broker, consultant and founder of MedWise Insurance Advocacy, which helps clients and attorneys with medical claims issues. If you’re healthy, Gross says, go for the HDHP. But in the case of a bad accident, you’ll want to make sure you have the means to pay the full deductible.
Can you stack benefits?
You might have access to voluntary benefits through your employer that can help cover costs that your insurance doesn’t cover. For example, Aflac policies can help pay expenses if you have an accident or get cancer.
You may find that you can get a high-deductible health plan plus a supplemental plan that would help you cover your deductible for less than the cost of a traditional health plan. “It can be a lot less than moving to the next tier where the deductible is lower,” Leibowitz says.
Do you have special care needs?
Some insurance plans cover things like weight loss surgery or infertility treatments — but some don’t, and the exclusion can make a huge difference if it’s a procedure you’re considering. You might find that one insurance company covers a certain surgery or test while another views it as investigational and not medically necessary.
“I call them the fringes,” Leibowitz says. “They’re beyond the typical medical and surgery coverage.” The focus is narrow, he says, but the coverage can be important.
The underlying message, he says, is that just because it looks like the same plan from the same company you were with this year, don’t assume that it hasn’t changed in ways that are important to you. “Network, formulary, benefits,” Leibowitz says, “you have to do your homework.”
This article was written by NerdWallet and was originally published by The Associated Press.